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Can a Creditor Freeze or Seize Funds From a Debtor’s Bank Accounts?

 Posted on November 10, 2022 in Debt Collection

IL debt collection lawyerIf you are a creditor and are owed money by a debtor, you may have several options for collecting on a judgment that you have obtained in court. While wage garnishment is a common way to collect judgments, other options may be available, including using non-wage garnishments to seize money from a person's bank accounts. In these situations, it is important to follow the correct steps to ensure that the money owed can be collected.

How Does a Creditor Seize Funds From a Debtor's Bank Accounts?

To collect money from a debtor's bank accounts, a creditor must serve a garnishment summons to the garnishee (the bank or financial institution). The garnishment summons and a garnishment notice will also be served to the debtor. The summons will include interrogatories asking the garnishee to provide information about the debtor's assets. After receiving the summons, the bank will be required to freeze the debtor's accounts, preventing them from withdrawing any funds until the case has been resolved. The summons will specify a "return date" by which the bank will be required to submit answers to the interrogatories. The bank must file an answer by this date unless they received the summons within 10 days before the return date, in which case they will have 14 days after the return date to respond.

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When Can a Creditor Object to a Chapter 7 Bankruptcy?

 Posted on October 26, 2022 in Bankruptcy

IL debt collection lawyerWhen a debtor files for Chapter 7 bankruptcy, creditors may be concerned about their ability to collect what is owed to them. In some situations, a creditor may be able to pursue an objection and challenge the debtor's right to a discharge of debts in a Chapter 7 bankruptcy. If the objection is successful, the debt owed to that creditor will not be discharged in the bankruptcy, and the creditor can continue to collect the debt from the debtor.

What Are the Grounds for Objecting to a Chapter 7 Bankruptcy Discharge?

Section 727 of the Bankruptcy Code details several reasons that creditors can object to a Chapter 7 discharge. Reasons that a creditor may object include:

  • Fraud - Attempts by a debtor to defraud a creditor may result in the dismissal of a bankruptcy case. These may include attempts to conceal assets that could be seized by the bankruptcy trustee and liquidated to repay creditors, as well as improper transfers of assets to other parties within one year before filing for bankruptcy.

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What Steps Do Creditors Need to Follow to Garnish a Debtor’s Wages?

 Posted on October 13, 2022 in Debt Collection

IL debt collection lawyerCreditors have multiple options for collecting the debts owed to them, and one of the most powerful ways of doing so is through wage garnishment. This is a legal process whereby a creditor can require an employer to withhold a portion of a debtor’s wages and pay that money directly to the creditor. Wage garnishment can be a very effective way of collecting a debt following a legal judgment, but there are certain steps that creditors need to follow in order to make wage garnishment happen.

Wage Deduction Proceedings

A creditor may seek to garnish a debtor's wages after obtaining a legal judgment against the debtor. This judgment will show that the debtor owes a certain amount to the creditor and that the creditor has the right to collect the debt. To begin the wage garnishment process, a creditor must first provide a Wage Deduction Notice to the debtor. This notice will state the name and address of the debtor, the name and address of their employer, the amount of the judgment, and the return date. If the debtor wishes to dispute the wage deduction because they believe their income is exempt, they must request a hearing prior to the return date. The Wage Deduction Notice can be sent to the debtor through first-class mail.

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How Can Creditors Show That Debtors Have Committed Bankruptcy Fraud?

 Posted on September 30, 2022 in Bankruptcy

IL creditors lawyerIt is estimated that bankruptcy fraud costs creditors billions of dollars each year. Bankruptcy fraud is a serious offense that can come with harsh penalties. However, creditors may be less worried about the laws that debtors have violated than about the losses they experience due to these actions. It is important for creditors to be able to identify instances of bankruptcy fraud so that they can take appropriate legal action. In some cases, creditors may be able to request that a bankruptcy case be dismissed, or they may be able to have the automatic stay lifted so that they will be able to proceed with the collection of debts.

Forms of Bankruptcy Fraud That Creditors May Address

Creditors may be able to show that debtors have committed bankruptcy fraud in one or more of the following ways:

  • Material misstatements on bankruptcy petitions or schedules - If a debtor provides incorrect information on the forms submitted when they file for bankruptcy—such as listing false information about their assets or income—creditors may be able to show that the debtor committed bankruptcy fraud. To do this, creditors will need to obtain copies of the debtor's original bankruptcy petition and schedules as well as any amended versions of these documents. Creditors should then review these documents closely to look for any discrepancies between what was originally stated and what is true.

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Proactive Steps Creditors Can Follow to Address Debtor Delinquency

 Posted on September 20, 2022 in Debt Collection

IL debt attorneyNo creditor wants to deal with debtor delinquency, but it is an unfortunate reality of doing business. For banks, credit card companies, and other creditors who are facing debtor delinquency, there are steps that can be taken to mitigate the situation. By taking action at the first sign of debtor delinquency, including when payments are made late, creditors can work with debtors to find solutions that will ensure that debts can be repaid, and they can take steps to protect their interests and minimize potential losses.

Responding to Signs of Delinquency

When a creditor sees indicators that a debtor may be struggling to make payments, they can take multiple steps to address the issue, avoid future delinquency, and ensure that they can recover what is owed. These steps include:

  • Communicate with the debtor. It is important for a creditor to open the lines of communication with the debtor as soon as possible. In some cases, delinquency may have been the result of an honest mistake or misunderstanding, and a simple conversation can help resolve the issue. By communicating with the debtor, a creditor can discuss the delinquent debt and come up with a plan to repay it. Additionally, regular communication will help build trust between the creditor and the debtor, which is important in maintaining a good working relationship.

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When Is a Debtor Considered to Be Judgment Proof?

 Posted on August 31, 2022 in Debt Collection

IL debt collection lawyerCreditors need to be able to collect debts that are owed to them, and there are a number of options available in situations where debtors fail to make payments as required. However, there may be some situations where a debtor may be judgment proof or collection proof, which will affect a creditor's ability to recover the amount owed. By understanding the criteria that must be met for a debtor to be considered judgment proof, creditors can determine their best options for collecting debts.

Factors That Determine Whether a Debtor Is Judgment Proof

The income a debtor earns and the assets they own will determine whether they are judgment-proof. Generally, if a person does not earn enough to make payments toward their debts while also meeting their ongoing needs, and they do not have any non-exempt assets that may be seized and liquidated, they will be collection proof.

Wage garnishment limits may be considered when determining whether a debtor has disposable income that may be used to pay debts. Federal law states that the maximum amount that can be garnished is 25 percent of a person's or the amount they earn that is above 30 times the federal minimum wage. If a person earns a weekly after-tax income of $217.50 or less, none of their wages may be garnished. Also, only certain types of income are eligible for garnishment, and income earned through Social Security, unemployment benefits, other public benefits, or child support cannot be garnished.

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Weighing Loan Modification or Debt Collection Options as a Creditor

 Posted on August 15, 2022 in Debt Collection

IL debt collection lawyerA creditor's business model is reliant on its ability to receive payments from debtors. When debtors fail to make payments as required, creditors will need to determine the most financially beneficial methods for collecting what is owed. If a debtor has defaulted on a loan, a creditor may pursue a number of different debt collection actions. However, there may be some situations where agreeing to loan modifications with the debtor will allow ongoing payments to resume, and a creditor may be able to avoid the financial losses and complications related to collecting debts.

Benefits and Drawbacks of Different Debt Collection Methods

Following a default, creditors may have a number of different options for collecting debts, including:

  • Using a debt collection agency - Sending a debt to collections may allow a creditor to receive payments, but this can take time as debt collectors attempt to contact debtors and set up payment arrangements. A debt may also be sold to a collection agency or another company, although this will often result in a loss.

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UPDATE: What Are the Statutes of Limitations for Debts in Illinois?

 Posted on July 28, 2022 in Creditor's Rights

"WhatOriginally published: October 30, 2019 -- Updated: July 28, 2022

Update: In addition to understanding the time limits that apply in debt collection cases, creditors will need to know about the procedures they will need to follow to take legal action against a debtor within the applicable statute of limitations. By pursuing a legal judgment against a delinquent debtor, a creditor can ask the court to order debts to be repaid, and different methods may be available for collecting what is owed, including wage garnishment or liens against a debtor’s property.

To initiate a lawsuit against a debtor, a creditor will need to file a complaint in the applicable circuit court, which will typically be the court in the county where the debtor lives. This complaint will detail the amounts owed by the debtor, and it will ask the court to enforce the debtor’s obligations. The creditor will then need to serve a summons to the debtor. This document, which notifies the debtor of the lawsuit and informs them of when they will need to appear in court, may be served to the debtor by a sheriff or process server. After receiving the summons, the debtor must file an appearance with the court and an answer either confirming or denying the claims made in the complaint. If the debtor fails to respond correctly within 30 days, the creditor may receive a default judgment, which will allow them to take action to collect the debts owed.

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How Can a Creditor Make a Claim in a Bankruptcy Case?

 Posted on July 15, 2022 in Debt Collection

IL debt collection lawyerCreditors have a variety of options for collecting debts owed to them by debtors. However, these efforts may become more difficult if a debtor files for bankruptcy. A debtor may be able to discharge certain types of debts by completing the bankruptcy process. However, assets seized during a Chapter 7 bankruptcy may be liquidated to repay some of the debts owed, or a debtor may make payments toward their debts through a Chapter 13 bankruptcy repayment plan. To ensure that they can receive repayment during the bankruptcy process, a creditor will need to demonstrate that they have a valid claim against the debtor.

Filing a Proof of Claim

Creditors can show that they are owed money by a debtor by submitting a proof of claim form. Depending on the type of claim, a creditor may be prioritized when receiving payments from the debtor during the bankruptcy process, or they may only be able to receive payments after higher-priority debts have been paid. To submit a proof of claim, a creditor must file Form 410 with the bankruptcy court where the case is being heard. This form will include the following information:

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How Should Mortgage Lenders Respond to Requests for Short Sales?

 Posted on June 29, 2022 in Mortgage Foreclosure

IL debt attorneyCreditors often need to deal with situations where debtors fail to pay debts that are owed. This can be a significant concern for mortgage lenders who need to protect their interests in property used to secure loans. Debtors who are unable to make mortgage payments may take steps to sell a home. However, there are many situations where a home may be underwater, and the value of the property may be less than the amount the debtor owes to the creditor. In these cases, homeowners may seek to complete a short sale. They will usually need to receive approval from their lender to do so. Creditors will need to determine how to respond to short sale requests as they take steps to protect their financial interests and minimize their losses.

Response and Approval of Short Sales

When a debtor requests a short sale, they will typically seek to sell the home at the current market value, and they will ask their mortgage lender to forgive any deficiency. That is, if the home sells for less than what is owed on the loan, the seller will not attempt to collect the remaining balance from the debtor. While it may seem more financially beneficial for a lender to pursue a foreclosure, the expenses and complications involved in this process may prevent the lender from recovering a significant amount of what is owed. A short sale may be a simpler and easier way to recoup as much of the balance of the loan as possible.

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