Call Us312-704-0771

Chicago debt collection attorneys

The Foreclosure Process for Mortgage Lenders

 Posted on April 10,2024 in Mortgage Foreclosure

Chicago foreclosure attorneyAs a mortgage lender in Illinois, it is essential to understand the foreclosure process when a borrower defaults on their loan. While you may know all about foreclosure as a lender, it is vital that you know the proper way to go about the steps. If you find yourself in this situation, an Illinois lawyer can help you with the foreclosure process so you understand the proper legal way to proceed.

Types of Foreclosure in Illinois

In Illinois, mortgage lenders have two primary foreclosure options at their disposal: judicial foreclosure and power of sale foreclosure. Judicial foreclosure, the most prevalent type in the state, involves the lender filing a lawsuit against the defaulting borrower in court to secure a judgment of foreclosure. This process can be lengthy and complex, requiring adherence to strict legal procedures and deadlines. The court plays a central role in overseeing the case, ensuring that the rights of both the lender and borrower are protected throughout the proceedings.

On the other hand, power of sale foreclosure is a less common alternative that can only be utilized if the original mortgage document contains a power of sale clause. This type of foreclosure allows you to bypass the court system and proceed directly with the foreclosure sale. While this may seem like a more streamlined approach, it is crucial for lenders to carefully review the mortgage documents to ensure that a power of sale clause is present and properly worded. Failure to do so could lead to legal challenges and delays in the foreclosure process. Ultimately, the choice between judicial and power of sale foreclosure will depend on the specific circumstances of each case and the lender's strategic objectives in recovering the outstanding loan balance.

Steps in the Judicial Foreclosure Process

  • Default and Pre-foreclosure: When a borrower misses mortgage payments, the lender sends a notice of default, giving the borrower a chance to cure the default within a specified period (usually 30 days, but can vary).
  • Filing a Complaint: If the borrower does not cure the default, the lender files a foreclosure complaint with the court, which includes the borrower's information, property details, and the outstanding loan balance.
  • Service of Process: The borrower is typically served with a copy of the complaint and a summons by the sheriff or a process server.
  • Borrower's Response: A borrower will have 30 days to file an answer to the complaint or appear in court.
  • Judgment of Foreclosure: If the borrower fails to respond or if the court rules in favor of the lender, a foreclosure judgment is issued. This judgment specifies the outstanding amount owed and the scheduled foreclosure sale date.
  • Redemption Period: In Illinois, the borrower typically has a redemption period of seven months from the date of service to pay the outstanding balance and avoid foreclosure.
  • Foreclosure Sale: If the borrower fails to reclaim the property, it will be sold to the highest bidder at a public auction. The lender may bid on the property using a "credit bid" up to the amount of the debt.
  • Confirmation of Sale: The court must confirm the sale, ensuring that it was conducted correctly and that the sale price was fair.
  • Deficiency Judgment: If the sale price does not cover the outstanding loan balance, the lender may seek a deficiency judgment against the borrower for the remaining amount.

Contact a Chicago, IL Foreclosure Attorney

By following the proper legal procedures and being aware of your rights as a lender, you can navigate the foreclosure process easier and potentially recover outstanding loan balances. It is beneficial to work with a Chicago, IL foreclosure lawyer who can guide lenders through the challenges of foreclosure law and ensure compliance with all relevant regulations. Call Dimand Walinski Law Offices, P.C. at 312-704-0771 to start with a private consultation with a team that has over four decades of combined experience.

Share this post:
Illinois Creditors Bar Association Chicago Bar Association Illinois State Bar Association
Back to Top